Smart Accumulator with Oil Circulation Ratio Sensing

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2021-GROL-69502
Researchers at Purdue University have developed a new method to determine oil circulation in refrigeration systems that employ lubricated compressors. Oil lubricates the bearings and other contact surfaces in compressors. The current method to measure oil circulation ratio (OCR) involves transferring solvent and oil out of the system. Practically, it's impossible to measure more than 3-4 samples at a time using this method. The Purdue researchers' method determines OCR in-situ. The method also allows multiple samples of oil to be taken in succession, allowing the low frequency dynamic behavior of OCR to be distinguished. Additionally, by separating the solvent and oil flows, the method is able to measure OCR for immiscible refrigerant/lubricant pairs. The OCR values predicted by the researchers' method were within 12% of the values predicted by the ASHRAE standard method. Finally, with a smart accumulator, the system protects the compressor from liquid flooding and oil starvation.
May 31, 2022
Utility Patent
United States
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Jun 4, 2021
Provisional-Patent
United States
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