A Lower-cost, Lower-energy, Carbon Dioxide Sensor

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Carbon dioxide levels are commonly used in ventilation control in buildings as a metric for indoor air quality; however, few commercially available sensors exist that can reliably measure carbon dioxide while satisfying the cost and power requirements. Researchers at Purdue University have developed a chemiresistive carbon dioxide sensor based on carbon nanotube-functional polymer composite films to solve the problems of the current more expensive, energy-intensive devices. This carbon dioxide sensor was fabricated using a carbon nanotube thin film in conjunction with a blend of branched polyethylenimine (PEI) and polyethylene glycol (PEG), which served as a carbon dioxide absorbing layer. In order to increase the carbon dioxide uptake further, a poly(ionic) liquid, poly(4-vinylbenzyltrimethylammonium tetrafluoroborate) (PVBMIBF4), was also added to the formulation. Assessments were performed in a bench-top environmental test chamber by introducing a known amount of carbon dioxide balanced with nitrogen. This work demonstrated that fabricated chemiresistive devices, comprised of a PEI-PEG-PIL and CNT combination, successfully sensed changes in carbon dioxide concentration. Given the relatively low cost and their potential for low power consumption, these chemiresistive sensors serve as an attractive alternative to current commercially available carbon dioxide sensors.


Potential Applications:
-Carbon dioxide sensors
Aug 6, 2020
Utility-Gov. Funding
United States
Oct 10, 2023

Aug 8, 2019
United States
Purdue Office of Technology Commercialization
The Convergence Center
101 Foundry Drive, Suite 2500
West Lafayette, IN 47906

Phone: (765) 588-3475
Fax: (765) 463-3486
Email: otcip@prf.org