|Although lithium-ion batteries have great upside for power devices like automobiles, the flammable organic electrolytes commonly used in these batteries hinder their wider implementation in transportation.
Researchers at Purdue University have developed a non-flammable composite ceramic-polymer solid-state electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries comprising cubic phase bismuth doped lithium lanthanum zirconium oxide (LLZBO) meso-particles embedded in polyethylene oxide membranes. This technology is safer than many existing technologies due to its non-flammability, but it is also shows nearly one order of magnitude higher ionic conductivity, 1.09x10-4 S/cm at 35⁰C and 5.45x10-3 S/cm at 55⁰C, when compared to many competitors at only 5wt% LLZBO polymer composite film. Furthermore, the overall membrane is mechanically flexible, requires no excessive sintering temperatures or prolonged sintering time, represents significant cost savings in materials and processing, and can be readily incorporated into lithium-ion batteries.
-High ionic conductivity
Jun 10, 2019
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