Fluidic Control Elements Enhance Signal in Two-Dimensional Paper Networks

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2017-LINN-67688
Two-dimensional paper networks (2DPNs) are a microfluidic format for performing multistep biological assays while retaining the positive aspects of conventional flow tests, e.g., pregnancy tests, for point-of-care diagnostics, e.g., detecting protein, DNA, and small molecule biomarkers of disease. A major shortcoming of 2DPNs include a lack of control over the timing and delivery of a given sample, leading to limited detection capabilities. In addition, first generation 2DPNs take about 35 minutes and 2DPNs with linear channels take about 60 minutes, which is not amenable to point-of-care diagnostics.

Researchers at Purdue University have developed a 2DPN that incorporates valves and mixing elements. The 2DPN's design uses shorter channels for reagent mixing, resulting in an even, well-mixed delivery of all reagents while reducing the overall signal amplification reaction time to less than 10 minutes. The result is an easy-to-use 2DPN with improved detection and signal enhancement of biomarkers.

To view a video related to this technology, click this link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0-PNdFxdVGI&feature=youtu.be

Advantages:
-Easy-to-use
-Controlled delivery
-Improved sample detection
-Signal enhancement
-Faster
-Retains positive aspects of conventional lateral flow tests

Potential Applications:
-DNA tests
-Disease diagnostics
-Point-of-care diagnostics
Jan 19, 2018
Utility Patent
United States
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Jan 19, 2017
Provisional-Patent
United States
(None)
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