A Method for Improving Machinability of Metals

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2016-CHAN-67237
Annealed metals are notoriously difficult to cut. Machining such metals involves high forces, an unusually thick chip, and a side-flow of material transverse to the cutting direction. These factors lead to diminished tool-life, poor surface finish, and deafening tool chatter. The qualities of annealed metals have earned them an unfortunate reputation for poor machinability.

Researchers at Purdue University have developed a method to suppress the nucleation of the chips. By coating the surface of the metals with a thin layer of ink, cutting forces may be reduced by up to 50 percent and chip size substantially reduced. This coating process could be used to cut structural metals such as stainless steel or aluminum. This technique can be added onto existing machining units with the addition of a suitably positioned nozzle or brush.

Advantages:
-Avoids chatter instability
-Improved surface finish
-Increased tool life

Potential Applications:
-Aircraft manufacturing
-Micromachining
-Commercial machining
Jul 16, 2016
Utility Patent
United States
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Jul 17, 2015
Provisional-Patent
United States
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Purdue Office of Technology Commercialization
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