A Method of Drilling Non-Straight Holes Using Laser Ablation and Plasma Amplification

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Non-straight microholes with diameters varying with depth are needed for many important applications. However, it is still very challenging to drill non-straight microholes with arbitrarily varying diameters. Due to the very small-sized hole, it is very difficult to deliver laser beam energy directly to the microhole sidewall to change the diameter of the hole in a controlled way. Past work has been reported on drilling reverse tapered microholes through electrical discharge machining (EDM) and micro electrochemical machining (ECM); however, such techniques are limited to conductive materials.

Researchers at Purdue University have developed a novel manufacturing technique for creating non-straight microholes called laser ablation and plasma amplification (LAPA). Its essential physical process is the interaction among a picosecond laser pulse, plasma generated by a prior nano- or picosecond laser pulse, and a microhole sidewall. LAPA promises a solution for fast, cost-effective, high-quality manufacturing of non-straight microholes with arbitrarily varying diameters. This will have a broad impact on many related areas such as fuel efficiency improvement and the reduction of toxic gas emission to the environment.

-Perform machining operations that were previously impossible
-Faster than existing methods
-Create precise holes in non-conductive materials

Potential Applications:
-Diesel engine fuel injector fabrication
-Aerospace engines
-Precision manufacturing
Jul 28, 2016
Utility Patent
United States
Aug 21, 2018

Aug 19, 2018
United States

Jul 30, 2015
United States
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