|Poly (propylene carbonate) (PPC) is a plastic material that can be mass produced from naturally abundant carbon dioxide. This polymer is also known to decompose back to CO2 when heated to a specific temperature. It is a promising material for pharmaceutical and biomedical applications due to this biodegradable and biocompatible nature, and the released gas can be used for imaging, such as ultrasound, when the material is bound to a site within a patient's body. However, the decomposition temperature is above 200 degrees C and bulk PPC is not water soluble. Therefore, use of PPC for such processes has been limited. Conventional gas-containing ultrasound contrast agents consist of a nano- or micron-sized gas bubbles surrounded by a shell layer made of a polymer or lipid. These previous systems have suffered from several problems and shortcomings, including limited stability, low efficiency of delivery, and difficulty of manufacture.
Researchers at Purdue University have investigated the thermal degradation of a PPC-based amphiphilic block copolymer, and found that these triblock copolymers form stable small-sized (less than 200 nm) micelles in water. They have also demonstrated that the CO2-generation temperature of PPC can be reduced down to the 40-80 degree C range in aqueous environment by using a catalyst for activating the random scission reaction of PPC. Therefore, with using micelles and the catalyst, the CO2 bubbles can be generated within a target tissue in vivo by delivering the polymer as micelles, and the gas is produced by hydrolysis of the polymer precursor in mild heating conditions.
-Bubbles generated in target tissue
-Ultrasound devices industry
May 12, 2017
Nov 12, 2015
Nov 12, 2014
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