Trapping Particles at Enhanced Speed and Efficiency

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2014-BOLT-66789
The trapping and aggregating of submicron and nanoscale analytes is especially important in applications such as biosensing and surface enhanced spectroscopies. The technique known as optical tweezers, which traps particles using a strong optical gradient force induced by a focused laser beam, has been one of the most highly used techniques for the past several decades. The use of plasmonic trapping or plasmonic nanotweezers is also becoming popular in order to overcome some of the deficiencies of optical tweezers. Although this new method improves the confinement of submicron and nanoscale particles, it also suffers from an inherently slow process due to the fact that particles are transported via Brownian motion.

Researchers at Purdue University have developed a new technique for trapping particles, which has greatly enhanced trapping speed and efficiency. This method replaces thin film substrates with plasmonic resonant nanostructures and actually utilizes the collective heat generation capabilities of these nanostructures, which has been considered an undesirable byproduct in the past. By coupling the induced heating of the nanostructures with a low frequency AC electric field, strong microfluidic vortices are created that can rapidly transport suspended particles towards plasmonic nanoantennas where they are captured. This technology describes a way to achieve rapid particle transport, high throughput concentration, dynamic manipulation, and sorting of particles based on size while using less laser power and focusing.

Advantages:
-Greatly increases trapping speed
-Requires less laser power and focusing
-Sorts particles based on size

Potential Applications:
-Biosensing and lab-on-a-chip systems
Jun 6, 2015
Utility Patent
United States
9,443,632
Sep 13, 2016

Jun 19, 2014
Provisional-Patent
United States
(None)
(None)

Jun 5, 2014
Provisional-Patent
United States
(None)
(None)
Purdue Office of Technology Commercialization
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West Lafayette, IN 47906

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Email: otcip@prf.org